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Scientific reports

Assessment of Pulmonary Gas Transport in Rabbits Using Hyperpolarized Xenon-129 Magnetic Resonance Imaging.


PMID 29743565

Abstract

Many forms of lung disease manifest themselves as pathological changes in the transport of gas to the circulatory system, yet the difficulty of imaging this process remains a central obstacle to the comprehensive diagnosis of lung disorders. Using hyperpolarized xenon-129 as a surrogate marker for oxygen, we derived the temporal dynamics of gas transport from the ratio of two lung images obtained with different timing parameters. Additionally, by monitoring changes in the total hyperpolarized xenon signal intensity in the left side of the heart induced by depletion of xenon signal in the alveolar airspaces of interest, we quantified the contributions of selected lung volumes to the total pulmonary gas transport. In a rabbit model, we found that it takes at least 200 ms for xenon gas to enter the lung tissue and travel the distance from the airspaces to the heart. Additionally, our method shows that both lungs contribute fairly equally to the gas transport in healthy rabbits, but that this ratio changes in a rabbit model of acid aspiration. These results suggest that hyperpolarized xenon-129 MRI may improve our ability to measure pulmonary gas transport and detect associated pathological changes.

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Rubidium, ingot, 99.6% trace metals basis
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