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Applied and environmental microbiology

Novel Maltogenic Amylase CoMA from Corallococcus sp. Strain EGB Catalyzes the Conversion of Maltooligosaccharides and Soluble Starch to Maltose.


PMID 29752267

Abstract

The gene encoding the novel amylolytic enzyme designated CoMA was cloned from Corallococcus sp. strain EGB. The deduced amino acid sequence contained a predicted lipoprotein signal peptide (residues 1 to 18) and a conserved glycoside hydrolase family 13 (GH13) module. The amino acid sequence of CoMA exhibits low sequence identity (10 to 19%) with cyclodextrin-hydrolyzing enzymes (GH13_20) and is assigned to GH13_36. The most outstanding feature of CoMA is its ability to catalyze the conversion of maltooligosaccharides (≥G3) and soluble starch to maltose as the sole hydrolysate. Moreover, it can hydrolyze γ-cyclodextrin and starch to maltose and hydrolyze pullulan exclusively to panose with relative activities of 0.2, 1, and 0.14, respectively. CoMA showed both hydrolysis and transglycosylation activities toward α-1,4-glycosidic bonds but not to α-1,6-linkages. Moreover, glucosyl transfer was postulated to be the major transglycosidation reaction for producing a high level of maltose without the attendant production of glucose. These results indicated that CoMA possesses some unusual properties that distinguish it from maltogenic amylases and typical α-amylases. Its physicochemical properties suggested that it has potential for commercial development.IMPORTANCE The α-amylase from Corallococcus sp. EGB, which was classified to the GH13_36 subfamily, can catalyze the conversion of maltooligosaccharides (≥G3) and soluble starch to maltose as the sole hydrolysate. An action mechanism for producing a high level of maltose without the attendant production of glucose has been proposed. Moreover, it also can hydrolyze γ-cyclodextrin and pullulan. Its biochemical characterization suggested that CoMA may be involved the accumulation of maltose in Corallococcus media.

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