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Scientific reports

Simultaneous Amelioratation of Colitis and Liver Injury in Mice by Bifidobacterium longum LC67 and Lactobacillus plantarum LC27.


PMID 29760423

Abstract

Disturbances in the gut microbiota composition are associated with chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine and the liver. In a preliminary study, Lactobacillus plantarum LC27 and Bifidobacterium longum LC67 could inhibit Escherichia coli growth and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κB activation linked to gut inflammation. Here, we investigated their effects on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and liver damage in mice. First, oral administration of LC27 or LC67 (1 × 109 CFU/mouse) inhibited TNBS-induced colon shortening [F(5,30) = 100.66, P < 0.05] and myeloperoxidase activity [F(5,30) = 56.48, P < 0.05]. These probiotics restored TNBS-induced disturbance of gut microbiota, leading to the suppression of Proteobacteria to Bacteroidetes ratio and fecal and blood lipopolysaccharide levels. Second, LC27 and LC67 inhibited TNBS-induced NF-κB activation, reversed TNBS-suppressed tight junction protein expression, and restored Th17/Treg balance. Also, treatment with LC27 or LC67 significantly decreased TNBS-induced alanine transaminase [ALT, F(5,30) = 3.50, P < 0.05] and aspartate transaminase [AST, F(5,30) = 12.81, P < 0.05] levels in the blood, as well as t-butylhydroperoxide-induced ALT and AST levels. Finally, the mixture of LC27 and LC67 (0.5 × 109 CFU/mouse, respectively) synergistically attenuated TNBS- or t-butylhydroperoxide-induced colitis and liver damage. The capability of LC27 and LC67 to reverse TNBS-mediated microbiota shift and damage signals suggests that these probiotics may synergistically attenuate colitis and liver injury by alleviating gut microbiota imbalance.