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Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society

Interaction of antidiabetic α-glucosidase inhibitors and gut bacteria α-glucosidase.


PMID 29761590

Abstract

Carbohydrate hydrolyzing α-glucosidases are commonly found in microorganisms present in the human intestine microbiome. We have previously reported crystal structures of an α-glucosidase from the human gut bacterium Blaubia (Ruminococcus) obeum (Ro-αG1) and its substrate preference/specificity switch. This novel member of the GH31 family is a structural homolog of human intestinal maltase-glucoamylase (MGAM) and sucrase-isomaltase (SI) with a highly conserved active site that is predicted to be common in Ro-αG1 homologs among other species that colonize the human gut. In this report, we present structures of Ro-αG1 in complex with the antidiabetic α-glucosidase inhibitors voglibose, miglitol, and acarbose and supporting binding data. The in vitro binding of these antidiabetic drugs to Ro-αG1 suggests the potential for unintended in vivo crossreaction of the α-glucosidase inhibitors to bacterial α-glucosidases that are present in gut microorganism communities. Moreover, analysis of these drug-bound enzyme structures could benefit further antidiabetic drug development.

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50359
Voglibose, ≥97.0% (TLC)
C10H21NO7