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Toll-Like Receptor 3 Signaling Contributes to Regional Neutrophil Recruitment in Cultured Human Glomerular Endothelial Cells.


PMID 29791907

Abstract

Given the importance of neutrophil recruitment in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis (GN), the representative neutrophil chemoattractant C-X-C motif chemokine 1 (CXCL1)/GROα and the adhesion molecule E-selectin in glomerular endothelial cells (GECs) play a pivotal role in the development of GN. Endothelial Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is thought to be involved in the inflammatory response via innate immunity. However, the role of endothelial TLR3 signaling in the expression of neutrophil chemoattractants and adhesion molecules remains to be elucidated. Thus, we aimed to examine this issue. We treated normal human GECs with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC), an authentic double-stranded RNA, and analyzed the expressions of CXCL1 and E-selectin using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To further elucidate the poly IC-induced signaling pathway, we subjected the cells to RNA interference against TLR3, interferon (IFN)-β, nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65, and IFN regulatory factor (IRF) 3. We also used immunofluorescence to examine the endothelial expression of CXCL1 in biopsy specimens from patients with crescentic and non-crescentic purpura nephritis (PN). We found that the activation of TLR3 induced the endothelial expression of CXCL1 and E-selectin, and that this involved TLR3, -NF-κB, IRF3, and IFN-β. Intense endothelial CXCL1 expression was observed in biopsy specimens from patients with crescentic PN. These findings support a role for glomerular antiviral innate immunity in the pathogenesis of GN. Intervention of glomerular TLR3 signaling may therefore be a suitable therapeutic strategy for treating GN in the future.

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