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Journal of biotechnology

A comparative study of structure, stability and function of sc-tenecteplase in the presence of stabilizing osmolytes.


PMID 29807050

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of three routine drug excipients, as osmolytes, in three different concentrations, on structure, thermal stability and the activity of single-chain (sc-) tenecteplase. To see the influence of trehalose, mannitol, and sucrose on the structure, stability and function of sc-tenecteplase, thermal stability, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) and enzyme kinetic measurements and molecular docking studies were carried out. To measure the effect of osmolytes on stability of sc-tenecteplase, thermodynamic parameters (transition temperature (Tm), standard enthalpy change (ΔH°), standard entropy change (ΔS°) and ΔG°, the standard Gibbs free energy change, were determined from heat-induced transition curves of the protein in absence and presence of each osmolyte. It was observed that all three osmolytes acted as an enhancer for the sc-tenecteplase stability, with varying efficacies and efficiencies. The results of the kinetic study showed that the activity of sc-tenecteplase is increased in the presence of osmolytes. The near-UV and far-UV CD studies showed transfer of Trp, Phe and Tyr residues to a more flexible environment in the presence of osmolytes. The sc-tenecteplase fluorescence quenching suggested the more polar location of Trp residues. Molecular docking studies revealed that (i) Gibbs free energy of interaction between the osmolyte and sc-tenecteplase is negative, and (ii) hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interactions dominate within the interaction sites.

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