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The Journal of cell biology

Interaction of heterotrimeric kinesin-II with IFT-B-connecting tetramer is crucial for ciliogenesis.


PMID 29903877

Abstract

Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is crucial for the assembly and maintenance of cilia and is mediated by IFT particles containing IFT-A and IFT-B complexes. IFT-B powered by heterotrimeric kinesin-II and IFT-A powered by the dynein-2 complex are responsible for anterograde and retrograde protein trafficking, respectively. However, little is known about the molecular basis of the trafficking of these IFT particles regulated by kinesin and dynein motors. Using the visible immunoprecipitation assay, we identified in this study a three-to-four protein interaction involving the kinesin-II trimer KIF3A-KIF3B-KAP3 and the IFT-B-connecting tetramer IFT38-IFT52-IFT57-IFT88; among the kinesin-II subunits, KIF3B contributed mainly to IFT-B binding. Furthermore, we showed that the ciliogenesis defect of KIF3B-knockout cells can be rescued by the exogenous expression of wild-type KIF3B but not by that of its mutant compromised with respect to IFT-B binding. Thus, interaction of heterotrimeric kinesin-II with the IFT-B-connecting tetramer is crucial for ciliogenesis via the powering of IFT particles to move in the anterograde direction.