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Radiology

An Intravascular Tantalum Oxide-based CT Contrast Agent: Preclinical Evaluation Emulating Overweight and Obese Patient Size.


PMID 29969071

Abstract

Purpose To compare the CT imaging performance of a carboxybetaine zwitterionic-coated tantalum oxide (TaCZ) nanoparticle CT contrast agent with that of a conventional iodinated contrast agent in a swine model meant to simulate overweight and obese patients. Materials and Methods Four swine were evaluated inside three different-sized adipose-equivalent encasements emulating abdominal girths of 102, 119, and 137 cm. Imaging was performed with a 64-detector row CT scanner at six scan delays after intravenous injection of 240 mg element (Ta or I) per kilogram of body weight of TaCZ or iopromide. For each time point, contrast enhancement of the aorta and liver were measured by using regions of interest. Two readers independently recorded the clarity of vasculature using a five-point Likert scale. Findings were compared by using paired t tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Results Mean peak enhancement was higher for TaCZ than for iopromide in the aorta (270 HU [σ = 24.5] vs 199 HU [σ = 10.2], P < .001) and liver (61.3 HU [σ = 11.7] vs 45.2 HU [σ = 8], P < .001). Vascular clarity was higher for TaCZ than for iopromide in 63% (132 of 208), 82% (170 of 208), and 86% (178 of 208) of the individual vessels at the 102-, 119-, and 137-cm girths, respectively (P < .01). Arterial clarity scores were higher for TaCZ than for iopromide in 62% (208 of 336) of vessels. Venous clarity scores were higher for TaCZ than for iopromide in 89% (128 of 144) of the veins in the venous phase and in 100% (144 of 144) of veins in the delayed phase (P < .01). No vessel showed higher clarity score with iopromide than with TaCZ. Conclusion An experimental tantalum nanoparticle-based contrast agent showed greater contrast enhancement compared with iopromide in swine models meant to simulate overweight and obese patients. © RSNA, 2018.