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International journal of biological macromolecules

Effects of allantoin and dimethyl sulfoxide on the thermal aggregation of lysozyme.


PMID 30009897

Abstract

Allantoin is used to suppress protein aggregation without decreasing the melting temperature. However, the solubility of allantoin in water or buffer solutions is too low (approximately 30 mM at ambient temperature) to be used as a protein aggregation suppressor in various situations. Here we show that a high-concentration solution of allantoin in neat dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is useful as a stock solution for the additive that controls protein aggregation. The allantoin concentration from 10 to 100 mM in 10% (v/v) DMSO significantly suppressed the thermal aggregation of hen egg white lysozyme as a model protein, with increasing allantoin concentration. The residual activity of lysozyme in 10% DMSO and 100 mM allantoin after heating at 90 °C for 10 min was increased >3-fold compared to that without allantoin. Thus, it was concluded that allantoin in DMSO is an effective stock solution for practical application in enhancing the recovery of enzymatic activity and suppressing the formation of small aggregate of protein.

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