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Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Hepatoprotective effects of diosmin and/or sildenafil against cholestatic liver cirrhosis: The role of Keap-1/Nrf-2 and P38-MAPK/NF-κB/iNOS signaling pathway.


PMID 30026087

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the potential protective effects of diosmin (DS) and/or sildenafil against bile duct ligation (BDL). In order to achieve this goal, BDL was performed to induce liver cirrhosis, DS (100 mg/kg/day, p.o.) and sildenafil (10 mg/kg, twice daily, p.o.) were administrated alone or in combination 24 h after the surgical operation and lasted for 4 weeks. Liver function biomarkers, fibrotic markers, oxidative stress markers, mRNA expression of NF-κB-p65, P38-MAPK, Nrf-2, and Keap-1, as well as protein expression of cytoglobin, NF-κB-p65, Nrf-2, iNOS and eNOS were investigated concomitantly with histopathological study. The results revealed that, 4 weeks of BDL induced a significant alteration in liver functions, fibrotic and oxidative stress markers. Furthermore, up-regulation of NF-κB-p65, P38-MAPK, Keap-1 and iNOS concomitantly with down-regulation of Nrf-2, cytoglobin and eNOS expressions were observed after BDL. DS and/or sildenafil treatment significantly alleviated the disturbance induced by BDL. These findings were further supported by the improvement in histopathological features. Additionally, co-administration of DS and sildenafil were found to significantly improved liver defects due to BDL as compared to the individual drugs. It can be concluded that, DS and sildenafil exhibit hepatoprotective effects through modulation of Keap-1/Nrf-2 and P38-MAPK/NF-κB/iNOS pathway.