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FEBS letters

Tris(picolinato)manganese(II): a chemical model for the mechanism and function of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase.


PMID 3005043

Abstract

The reaction of HO2. with the allylic groups of lipids initiates their peroxidation and auto-oxidation, and probably represents the most serious biological hazard of O2.- -derived species. The presence of tris(picolinato)manganese(II) [MnII(PA)2(PAH)(H2O)], a model complex for mitochondrial superoxide dismutase, (i) efficiently catalyzes the disproportionation of O2.-, (ii) precludes the formation HO2., and thereby (iii) prevents hydrogen abstraction from allylic and thiol groups. Such protection demonstrates that a primary function of superoxide dismutase is to block the formation of HO2., which is the obligatory intermediate for the nonenzymatic proton-induced disproportionation process. This requires that the primary step for the enzyme-O2.- reaction be kinetically favored and dominant relative to the protonation reaction (HA + O2.-).

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