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Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry

The effect of Z-primer on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramic to dentin: in vitro.


PMID 30057707

Abstract

One of the major limitations of zirconia ceramic is the difficulty to adhere to dental. Said adhesion improves the marginal sealing of the restoration, minimizing microleakage. According to the limitation of zirconia ceramic bonding, zirconia primer enhances bond strengths to Zirconia, Alumina and Metal substrates. Purpose: the aim of the current study was to determine effect of Z-primer on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramic to dentin. 28 newly extracted intact premolars and divided into 4 groups (n=7). In group 1, resin-based (Duo-link; Bisco, Schaumburg, IL) cement was used without applying Z-primer. In group 2, resin-based (Duo-link; Bisco, Schaumburg, IL) cement was used with applying Z-primer. In group 3, resin-based cement (Panavia F2; Kurary, Japan) was used without Z-primer. In group 4, resin- based cement (Panavia F2) with Z-primer was used. Zirconia ceramic blocks (4×4×2mm) without sandblasting were applied onto the surface of dentin then cured from 3 dimensions for 20S. Shear bond strength test was carried out after 24h. Stereo microscope was used to evaluate the zirconia ceramic and dentin topography and failure mode. According to the data, significant difference detected on after application of the Z-primer compared to the other groups (p<0.001). No significant difference detected between 2 types of resin cements (p>0.05). However, the highest SBS observed in second group (Duo-link(+)Zprimer) while lowest detected in first group (Duo-link(-)Zprimer). These results suggested application of the Z-primer increased shear bond strength between zirconia ceramic and dentin. Key words:Flexural strength, monolithic zirconia, sintering temperature, sintered-holding time.