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EBioMedicine

Extracellular Vesicles Secreted by Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells (hASCs) Improve Survival Rate of Rats with Acute Liver Failure by Releasing lncRNA H19.


PMID 30077720

Abstract

It has previously been reported that human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) can promote the regeneration of damaged tissues in rats with liver failure through a 'paracrine effect'. Here we demonstrate a therapeutic effect of hASCs derived Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) on rat models with acute liver failure, as shown by the improvement of the survival rate by >70% compared to controls. Gene sequencing of rat liver revealed an increase in human long-chain non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 after hASC-derived EVs transplantation. When the H19 coding sequence was silenced in hASCs and EVs were then collected for treatment of rats with liver failure, we saw a decrease in the survival rate to 40%, compared to treatment with EVs generated from non-silenced hASCs. These data indicate that lncRNA H19 may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of liver failure.

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