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Leukemia research

Notch1 activation enhances proliferation via activation of cdc2 and delays differentiation of myeloid progenitors.


PMID 30086426

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that the Notch signaling pathway has crucial roles in the control of fate decision and differentiation in numerous cell types. However, the role of Notch signaling in regulating proliferation and differentiation of myeloid progenitor cells remains controversial. To elucidate this issue, we modulated Notch activity through transducing a constitutively activated form of Notch1 and/or a dominant-negative form of MAML1 (DNMAML1) into myeloid progenitor 32D cells and assessed their effects on cell proliferation and differentiation. We found that Notch1 activation enhances proliferation and delays granulocytic differentiation of 32D cells. The enhanced proliferation due to activated Notch1 signaling was associated with upregulation of c-Myc, followed by decreased expression of p21 and p27, and increased cdc2 kinase activity, through a mechanism that was not blocked by DNMAML1. Conversely, Notch1 activation significantly delayed granulocytic differentiation and maintained a part of myeloid progenitor cells in an immature stage, and this Notch1-mediated effect was dependent on MAML. The Notch1-induced effects on mye myeloid cell proliferation and differentiation were likely mediated by induction of c-Myc and repression of PU.1, respectively. Thus, Notch1 signaling plays an important part in modulating proliferation and differentiation in MAML-independent and -dependent manners and promoting expansion of myeloid progenitors.