No to shinkei = Brain and nerve

[Effect of long-term prior antihypertensive treatment on cerebral ischemia induced by bilateral common carotid artery ligation in SHRSR].

PMID 3008793


The susceptibility to cerebral ischemia was studied in stroke-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSR) treated by a long-term antihypertensive treatment, and compared with untreated SHRSR and Wistar rats (WR). Male SHRSR, aged 8 weeks, were divided into two groups and a long-term antihypertensive treatment for 4-6 weeks was started on one group (treated SHRSR: T-SHR) while the other group was left untreated as control (untreated SHRSR: U-SHR). The changes of blood pressure were checked on these rats. The prior treatment of hypertension was achieved by administration of hydroflumethiazide (120 mg/kg/day) and captopril (15-30 mg/kg/day) orally for 4-6 weeks by mixing in drinking water. All the experiments were performed at the age of 12-16 weeks and WR of similar age served as normotensive untreated control. Cerebral ischemia was induced by bilateral common carotid artery ligation (BLCL) and blood pressure was always checked before BLCL. The survival ratio was observed from 1 hour to 24 hours after BLCL. The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were measured before and 4 hours after BLCL periodically. The brain energy metabolites were measured 4 hours after BLCL. rCBF were measured at the thalamus by the hydrogen clearance method. ATP concentrations were determined by luciferine-luciferase method, c-AMP was measured by RIA and lactate by enzymatic method. The brain water content was measured by freeze-dry method.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Hydroflumethiazide, analytical standard, ~97%