Journal of plant physiology

Trichoderma harzianum diminished oxidative stress caused by 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in wheat, with insights from lipidomics.

PMID 30096586


2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is among the most commonly used herbicides applied for weed control during wheat cultivation. However, its application could affect wheat growth. The present study investigates the effect of the ascomycetous fungus Trichoderma harzianum on lipid peroxidation, phospholipids, signaling lipids and phospholipase D in the seedlings of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) treated with 2,4-D (2.5 mg L-1). In the group of 4-day-old seedlings exposed to the herbicide, increased lipid peroxidation and inhibition of growth were observed in shoots and roots. Moreover, elevated levels of oxylipins were noted. Among them, the amount of 13-HOTrE oxygenated from linolenic acid (18:3) increased the most significantly. Concurrently, in the seedlings inoculated with T. harzianum, growth was stimulated when the level of phosphatidylcholine (PC) increased. Moreover, in wheat seedlings treated with 2,4-D and T. harzianum, the level of lipid peroxidation was similar to that in the control and there was no increase observed in oxylipins and phospholipase D activity. T. harzianum might have partly alleviated the toxic effect of 2,4-D on wheat seedlings.

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