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OncoTargets and therapy

Long noncoding RNA XIST promotes proliferation and invasion by targeting miR-141 in papillary thyroid carcinoma.


PMID 30174441

Abstract

The long noncoding RNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) was reported to play vital roles in tumor progression. In the present study, we determined the regulatory function of XIST in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). XIST expression was determined in PTC tissues and cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (qRT-PCR). Cellular proliferation, migration, and invasion were measured using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, wound-healing assay, and transwell invasion assay, respectively. Western blotting was used to determine protein expression. The downstream target miRNAs for XIST were identified by luciferase reporter assay and qRT-PCR. Relative expression of XIST was upregulated in PTC tissues and cell lines. High XIST expression was positively correlated with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Function assay demonstrated that knockdown of XIST significantly decreased cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in PTC cells. Moreover, we showed that the effects of XIST on PTC cell progression were mediated by miR-141. Our results demonstrated that XIST functioned as an oncogene in PTC progression by regulating miR-141, suggesting that XIST might be a promising therapeutic target for PTC treatment.