Journal of chromatographic science

Quantitative Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons at Part Per Billion Levels in Fish Oil by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS).

PMID 30215681


Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) at part per billion levels in fish oil samples collected from menhaden fish. The method was initially developed using fish oil from capsules spiked with a standard PAH mixture. The final HS-SPME-GC-MS method presented a linear range from 3 to 1,500 ng/g, with precision for most analytes <10% relative standard deviation. The limits of detection varied from 1 to 7 ng/g depending on the analyte. Real sample analysis was done on menhaden fish oil extracted from fish collected off the coasts of New Jersey and Louisiana. Naphthalene, fluorene, fluoranthene, pyrene, anthracene were detected at low levels of 70-180 ng/g in the real samples. The concentrations of PAHs detected in the real samples were well below established levels of concern for PAHs in finfish.