Experimental and therapeutic medicine

Annexin A2 and FTH1 are potential biomarkers for lupus nephritis.

PMID 30344652


Lupus nephritis (LN) occurs in ~50% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of the affected individuals. Therefore, identification of novel and predictive biomarkers for the early diagnosis and progression of LN is required. The present study included 10 patients with LN whose diagnoses were confirmed by renal biopsy and 5 healthy participants as control subjects. Sera were collected both from patients with LN and healthy controls. Subsequently, mesangial cells were treated with these sera for 24 h. Differential proteins between groups were detected by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry analysis. 2D-DIGE maps of cellar proteins were obtained for LN and normal control groups. A total of 45 proteins were characterized, and 2 low-abundance proteins were identified. Compared with the normal human sera group, expression level of Annexin A2 was elevated in patients with LN, while the expression of the ferritin heavy chain (FTH1) decreased in the LN group; the analysis was carried out by DeCyder version 7.0 automatically. The results of the present study suggest that Annexin A2 and FTH1 contributed to the progression of LN and could serve as potential biomarkers for this disease.