Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM

Development of a HPLC-MS/MS Method to Determine 11 Bioactive Compounds in Tongmai Yangxin Pill and Application to a Pharmacokinetic Study in Rats.

PMID 30356435


A sensitive and reliable HPLC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of eleven bioactive compounds (rhein, emodin, stilbene glycoside, liquiritin, ononin, verbascoside, gallic acid, schisandrin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, and isoliquiritigenin) in rat plasma after oral administration of Tongmai Yangxin Pill. The collected plasma samples were prepared by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate after acidification. Eleven compounds were separated on a CORTECS™ C18 column with mobile phases consisting of 0.1% formic acid in deionized water and acetonitrile. The flow rate was 0.3 mL/min. The detection was performed on a tandem mass system with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source in both positive and negative ionization using multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The calibration curves were linear over the range of 8-2000 ng/mL for glycyrrhizic acid; 4-1000 ng/mL for liquiritin; 0.8-200 ng/mL for emodin, gallic acid, ononin, schisandrin, and stilbene glycoside; 0.4-100 ng/mL for isoliquiritigenin, liquiritigenin, rhein, and verbascoside, respectively. The intra- and interday precision of the analytes were less than 9.3% and 8.5%. The intra- and interday accuracy were in the range of -14.0% to 10.3% and -6.5% to 9.6%. Meanwhile, the extraction recovery of the analytes in plasma samples ranged from 85.2% to 109.1% and matrix effect from 89.2% to 113.4%. The developed method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetics of eleven bioactive compounds in rat plasma after oral administration of Tongmai Yangxin Pill prescription.