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Toxicology

The 3-methylcholanthrene-mimetic effect of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl-treatment on phenacetin-induced hepatic glutathione depletion and liver microsomal phenacetin O-deethylation in rats.


PMID 3099430

Abstract

Both 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl (4,4'-DCB) and 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) caused a substantial increase of phenacetin-induced hepatic glutathione (GSH) depletion, whereas phenobarbital (PB) had no effect, suggesting that 4,4'-DCB possesses cytochrome P-448 inducing activity. The O-deethylation of phenacetin by liver microsomes from control and PB- and 4,4'-DCB-treated rats showed biphasic Michaelis-Menten kinetics, in contrast to the monophasic course after pretreatment with 3-MC. Hepatic phenacetin levels indicated that in vivo interaction with only a high affinity site is involved in the O-deethylation of phenacetin. 4,4'-DCB and 3-MC caused marked increases in intrinsic clearance and extraction ratio of phenacetin, whereas control values were obtained after PB-treatment. Because of an absence of a spectral change at low phenacetin concentrations, it could not be demonstrated whether the observed differences in metabolism should be ascribed to a change in binding of phenacetin to cytochrome P-450. The results of this study indicate that after pretreatment with various enzyme inducers the phenacetin-induced hepatic GSH depletion strongly correlates with microsomal phenacetin O-deethylation. Further, these findings suggest a discrepancy between 4,4'-DCB and PB in cytochrome P-450 inducing activity, as 4,4'-DCB mimics 3-MC in the induction of phenacetin O-deethylase. The difference between 4,4'-DCB and PB is discussed in relation to the multiplicity and induction of cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes.

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48260-U 4,4′-Dichlorobiphenyl solution, certified reference material