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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Reversible inhibition of flagella formation after specific inhibition of spermidine synthesis by dicyclohexylamine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


PMID 3101591

Abstract

Dicyclohexylamine, which is an inhibitor of bacterial and mammalian spermidine synthase, greatly inhibited the synthesis of spermidine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The depletion of spermidine caused by dicyclohexylamine was accompanied by an inhibition of growth of bacteria. This inhibition was reversed by addition of 50 microM spermidine (but not putrescine or spermine) to growth medium. When its growth was inhibited Ps. aeruginosa also lost its motility. Electron microscopy showed a loss of flagella in spermidine-deficient bacteria: after 24 h 70% 85% of bacteria grown in the presence of dicyclohexylamine did not have flagella, whereas bacteria grown in the presence of dicyclohexylamine and spermidine had flagella. The loss of flagella was reversible, since after the inhibition of spermidine synthesis for 24 h, addition of 50 microM spermidine (but not putrescine or spermine) to the growth medium was able to restore the bacterial motility almost completely after a further 12 h growth period.

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