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The Biochemical journal

Continuous spectrofluorometric measurements of uptake by cultured cells of 12-(1-pyrene)-dodecanoic acid from its complex with albumin.


PMID 3178719

Abstract

Aqueous dispersions of 12-(1-pyrene)-dodecanoic acid (P12), a medium-chain fatty acid to which the fluorescent probe pyrene has been covalently linked, shows a considerable increase in fluorescence when the probe is introduced into a hydrophobic environment. This enables the uptake of P12 by liposomes and cells to be followed directly in a spectrofluorometer, without separating the cells from the P12-containing medium. In the present study, we show that complexing P12 to albumin produced a very high fluorescence emission intensity. This made direct measurements of the uptake by cells of albumin-bound P12 impossible. Such direct measurements could, however, be made using albumin which had been interacted with trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS). The yellow trinitrophenyl (TNP) residues, which were thereby covalently linked to the albumin, quenched the fluorescence of pyrene in the TNP-albumin/P12 complex. Upon release of the P12 molecules from this complex and their subsequent uptake by cells, fluorescence increased. This technique was utilized for the continuous monitoring of the uptake of P12 by different cell types and cells at various stages of maturation.

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82663
1-Pyrenedodecanoic acid, suitable for fluorescence, ≥98.0% (HPLC)
C28H32O2