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The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health

Inhibition of tolbutamide metabolism by antimalarial drugs.


PMID 3227403

Abstract

The effects of mefloquine (MQ), the combination of MQ with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (MSP), sulfadoxine (S), pyrimethamine (P) quinine (Q) and quinidine (Qd) on in vitro hepatic metabolism has been studied using tolbutamide as a substrate. The hydroxylation of tolbutamide was determined in the presence of variable concentrations of each compound. Tolbutamide hydroxylase activity in control microsomes was 0.20 +/- 0.13 nmole/min/mg microsomal protein at a substrate concentration of 150 microM. All compounds studied inhibited tolbutamide metabolism as shown by a decrease in 4-hydroxytolbutamide formation. The order of potency of the inhibitors was MSP greater than S greater than MQ greater than Q greater than Qd greater than P. MQ, MSP, S, Q, and Qd were examined in detail for the type of inhibition. MQ and Qd were non-competitive inhibitors, whereas MSP and S were competitive inhibitors and Q was an uncompetitive inhibitor of tolbutamide 4-hydroxylation. These data provide more information on the inhibitory potential of some antimalarial drugs on microsomal enzymes in human liver. S has been shown to be a potent inhibitor in vitro and this finding possibly explains the longer T 1/2 and MRT of MQ when co-administered with S in healthy volunteers. Further studies in man should be attempted in order to understand the clinical relevance of the inhibitory potential of the antimalarial drugs.

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