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Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics

Conformational peculiarities of polynucleotides with a nonrandom base sequence according to the 1H----3H exchange rate in C8H groups of purinic residues.


PMID 3271486

Abstract

We have determined the 1H----3H exchange rate constants between water and C8H groups of purinic residues of alternating polynucleotides poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT), poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC) and poly(dA-dC).poly(dG-dT) as well as homopolynucleotides poly(dA).poly(dT) and poly(dG).poly(dC) in aqueous solutions with high-salt concentrations (3 M NaCl and 4-6 M CsF), in water-ethanol (60%) solution and in 0.15 M NaCl at 25 degrees C. The rate constants for adenine (kA) and guanine (kG) of polynucleotides were compared with corresponding constants for E. coli DNA. dGMP nd dAMP at the same conditions. The relation between exchange rates and conformations of polynucleotides permits the study of their conformational peculiarities in solution. Of three alternating polynucleotides examined in 0.15 M NaCl the exchange retardation was observed only for poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT) as compared with that in B-DNA, which is in good agreement with the B-alternating "wrinkled" DNA model. The conformations of poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC) and poly(dA-dC).poly(dG-dT), according to the exchange data obtained are within the B form. For homopolynucleotides in 0.15 M NaCl, the KA value for poly(dA).poly(dT) is nearly the same as kA for B-DNA, which indicates the similarity of their conformations, whereas the kG value for poly(dG).poly(dC) is 1.7-fold lower in comparison with the kG value in B-DNA. This seems to be connected with the existence of B = A conformation equilibrium for poly(dG).poly(dC) in solution. The increase of NaCl concentration to 3 M results in a B----Z transition in the case of poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC) and in the shift of B = A equilibrium towards the A-form in the case of poly(dG).poly(dC) as is evidenced by alterations of their KG values. Poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT) in 6 M CsF and poly(dA-dC).poly(dG-dT) in 4.3 M CsF maintain their inherent conformations in 0.15 M NaCl in spite of the fact that they are characterised by the "X-type" CD-spectrum at these conditions. According to the exchange data the conformation of poly(dA).poly(dT) in 6 M CsF corresponds to the "heteronomous" DNA model or some other structure with lower accessibility of C8H groups of adenylic residues.