Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)

Mechanism of inhibition of human renin by monoclonal antibodies.

PMID 3280480


The mechanism by which monoclonal antibodies directed against human renin (R3-36-16 and R3-47-10) inhibit renin activity was investigated using various substrates. Both antibodies acted as potent inhibitors of human renin activity when human angiotensinogen was used as a substrate. However, their effects differed clearly in the presence of synthetic tetradecapeptide. When low concentrations of tetradecapeptide were used as substrate, renin activity was only partially inhibited by R3-47-10, whereas it was stimulated by R3-36-16. At higher synthetic substrate concentrations, both antibodies stimulated angiotensin I production. This effect was independent of the pH. Both antibodies exerted their effects in the presence of CGP 29287, a peptidic transition-state competitive renin inhibitor, indicating that their binding sites differed from that of CGP 29287. In combination, the stimulatory effect of R3-36-16 was not blocked by R3-47-10, but the inhibition produced by R3-47-10 was reversed by R3-36-16. Both antibodies may prevent the large natural substrate angiotensinogen from entering the enzymatic cleft by steric hindrance. At a low substrate concentration, R3-47-10 may also partially hinder the access of synthetic tetradecapeptide into the active cleft by steric hindrance. In contrast, the stimulating effect of both antibodies may be due to a conformational change in the renin molecule, allowing an increased access of tetradecapeptide or a more rapid release of the product from the enzymatic cleft.