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The Journal of biological chemistry

Heavy isotope labeling study of the turnover of forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase in BC3H1 cell line.


PMID 3298233

Abstract

We have used the method of heavy isotope labeling to study the metabolic turnover of adenylate cyclase in a nonfusing muscle cell line, the BC3H1 cells. These cells contains an adenylate cyclase coupled to beta-adrenergic receptors and highly stimulated by forskolin, a potent activator of the enzyme. After transfer of the cells from normal medium to heavy medium (a medium containing heavy labeled amino acids, 2H, 13C, 15N), heavy isotope-labeled adenylate cyclase molecules progressively replace pre-existing light molecules. In sucrose gradient differential sedimentation, after a 5-day switch in heavy medium, the enzyme exhibited a higher mass (s = 8.40 +/- 0.03 S, n = 13) compared to the control enzyme (s = 7.40 +/- 0.04 S, n = 36). Indeed, the increase in the sedimentation coefficient of the heavy molecules was due to the synthesis of new molecules of adenylate cyclase labeled with heavy isotope amino acids since in the presence of cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, no change in the sedimentation pattern of the forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase occurred. After incorporation of heavy isotope amino acids in the adenylate cyclase molecules, the kinetics parameters of the enzyme (i.e. Km for ATP and EC50 for Mn2+ or Mg2+) did not change. However, adenylate cyclase from cells incubated with heavy medium exhibits an activity about 2-fold lower than control (cells in light medium). After switching the cells to the heavy medium, the decrease of the activity of the enzyme occurred during the first 24 h and thereafter remained at a steady state for at least 4 days. In contrast, 24 h after the switch, the sedimentation coefficient of forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase was progressively shifted to a higher value indicating that the heavy isotope-labeled enzyme replaced the pre-existing light form of the molecule. These observations show that the rapid decrease in adenylate cyclase activity and the synthesis of heavy adenylate cyclase molecules are two separate events. The relative amounts of heavy and light components of forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase obtained in sucrose gradient differential sedimentation were determined as a function of time beginning 24 h after the transfer into the heavy medium. The decrease of the pre-existing light form could be represented by simple first order kinetics with a half-time of 40 h. This result suggests that the metabolic renewal of forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase is comparable to that of most plasma membrane proteins.

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BC3H1, 86093001