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Life sciences

Stereochemical effect in the mutagenicity of the aflatoxicols toward Salmonella typhimurium.


PMID 3309517

Abstract

The mutagenicities of [1R] and [1S] aflatoxicol were measured using the Salmonella microsome test. In strain TA100 the [1R] form (unnatural aflatoxicol, aflatoxicol B) had a mutagenic potency approximately four times that of the [1S] epimer (natural aflatoxicol, aflatoxicol A, Ro) in the presence of S-9 liver microsomal fraction. The order in mutagenic potency compared to some other toxicologically important aflatoxins was as follows: B1 greater than [1R] approximately equal to G1 much greater than [1S] much much greater than B2. Thus, the trans relationship between the vinyl ether and hydroxyl groups leads to greater mutagenicity than the cis relationship. This may be important in the elucidation of stereochemical structure-activity relationships for the aflatoxins.