EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

The Journal of biological chemistry

Effect of alkaline pH on the activity of rat liver phenylalanine hydroxylase.


PMID 3335542

Abstract

The pH optimum of rat liver phenylalanine hydroxylase is dependent on the structure of the cofactor employed and on the state of activation of the enzyme. The tetrahydrobiopterin-dependent activity of native phenylalanine hydroxylase has a pH optimum of about 8.5. In contrast, the 6,7-dimethyltetrahydropterin-dependent activity is highest at pH 7.0. Activation of phenylalanine hydroxylase either by preincubation with phenylalanine or by limited proteolysis results in a shift of the pH optimum of the tetrahydrobiopterin-dependent activity to pH 7.0. Activation of the enzyme has no effect on the optimal pH of the 6,7-dimethyltetrahydropterin-dependent activity. The different pH optimum of the tetrahydrobiopterin-dependent activity of native phenylalanine hydroxylase is due to a change in the properties of the enzyme when the pH is increased from pH 7 to 9.5. Phenylalanine hydroxylase at alkaline pH appears to be in an altered conformation that is very similar to that of the enzyme which has been activated by preincubation with phenylalanine as determined by changes in the intrinsic protein fluorescence spectrum of the enzyme. Furthermore, phenylalanine hydroxylase which has been preincubated at an alkaline pH in the absence of phenylalanine and subsequently assayed at pH 7.0 in the presence of phenylalanine shows an increase in tetrahydrobiopterin-dependent activity similar to that exhibited by the enzyme which has been activated by preincubation with phenylalanine at neutral pH. Activation of the enzyme also occurs when m-tyrosine or tryptophan replace phenylalanine in the assay mixture. The predominant cause of the increase in activity of the enzyme immediately following preincubation at alkaline pH appears to be the increase in the rate of activation by the amino acid substrate. However, in the absence of substrate activation, phenylalanine hydroxylase preincubated at alkaline pH displays an approximately 2-fold greater intrinsic activity than the native enzyme.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

D0387
6,7-Dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterine hydrochloride, ≥95%
C8H13N5O · HCl