Biochemical and biophysical research communications

The weak immunosuppressant cyclosporine D as well as the immunologically inactive cyclosporine H are potent inhibitors in vivo of phorbol ester TPA-induced biological effects in mouse skin and of Ca2+/calmodulin dependent EF-2 phosphorylation in vitro.

PMID 3342035


Various biological effects induced by the tumor promoting phorbol ester TPA in mouse skin are comparably suppressed by the immunologically inactive cyclosporine H (CsH) and by the strongly immunosuppressive cyclosporine A (CsA). These effects inhibited include the development of edema, stimulation of alkaline phosphatase activity, DNA and protein synthesis, as well as tumor promotion. Furthermore, CsH, like CsA, inhibits the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent phosphorylation of the elongation factor 2 (EF-2) in vitro and the TPA-induced increases in the amount of EF-2 in vivo. Similar observations were made using the weak immunosuppressant CsD. We conclude from these results that the ability of cyclosporines to act as immunosuppressants and their ability to inhibit TPA-effects are based on two different mechanisms of action. Inhibition of TPA-effects may involve suppression of calmodulin-dependent processes, such as augmentation and phosphorylation of EF-2.