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Lipids

The result of feeding palmitoyl glycerol on lymph and plasma lipids.


PMID 3451005

Abstract

Palmitoyl glycerol is toxic when fed to mice, but the toxicity is alleviated by supplementing the toxic diet with 2-4% oleate or linoleate at the expense of sucrose. Lipid and fatty acid composition of lymph and plasma were studied in mice fed chow and palmitoyl glycerol diets to help explain the toxicity mechanism. When mice were fed chow, intestinal lymph contained a high proportion of saturated fatty acids; when they were given palmitoyl glycerol, the proportion approached 90% saturated fatty acids. The cholesteryl ester fraction was higher in lymph from mice fed a toxic diet than when the diet was fortified with supplemental safflower oil. However, there were no differences between diets in lipid composition of blood plasma. Similarly, except for plasma cholesterol esters, there were no differences in fatty acid composition between mice fed palmitoyl glycerol as the only fat or supplemented with a protective unsaturated fat. In the plasma, cholesteryl palmitate was elevated and cholesteryl oleate and cholesteryl linoleate were depressed when mice were given a toxic diet. Although a monoacylglycerol was toxic when fed, the percentages of monoacyglycerols in lymph or plasma were not materially elevated. The findings indicate that neither the total proportion of saturated fatty acids nor the amount of circulating monoacylglycerols was directly involved in the toxicity of palmitoyl glycerol.

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M1640
DL-α-Palmitin, ≥99%
C19H38O4