The Journal of biological chemistry

Early metabolic effects of platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta in rat liver in vivo.

PMID 3474228


The short term metabolic effects of the in vivo administration of platelet-derived growth factor have been examined in the liver of the rat. Meal-fed male Wistar rats weighing between 150-180 g received an intraperitoneal injection of platelet-derived growth factor (17 units/100 g weight), transforming growth factor-beta (185 ng/100 g weight), or saline. At 5 min after injection, the livers were freeze-clamped. Samples of the tissue were subsequently assayed for metabolite content and enzyme activities. Platelet-derived growth factor injection caused an elevation in the liver content of pyruvate from 0.14 +/- 0.012 to 0.19 +/- 0.009 mumol/g wet weight liver (p less than or equal to 0.01) and an increase in the cytosolic phosphorylation potential [sigma ATP]/[sigma ADP][sigma Pi] from 6670 +/- 540 to 8970 +/- 750 (p less than or equal to 0.01). In addition an increase in the hepatic content of the hexose monophosphate pathway metabolites, 6-phosphogluconate (0.027 +/- 0.004 to 0.037 +/- 0.005 mumol/g wet weight) (p less than or equal to 0.05), ribulose 5-phosphate (0.013 +/- 0.001 to 0.017 +/- 0.001 mumol/g wet weight) (p less than or equal to 0.05) and combined sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and ribose 5-phosphate (0.052 +/- 0.007 to 0.062 +/- 0.004 mumol/g wet weight) (p less than or equal to 0.05) was observed. The elevation in the hexose monophosphate pathway metabolites resulted from a 1.3-fold elevation in the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [EC] when measured in a crude homogenate. Kinetic analysis performed on partially purified glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase demonstrated no significant change in the Km of the enzyme for either NADP+ or glucose 6-phosphate, while a 2.4-fold increase in the Vmax was observed. In view of the rapidity of the change in total measured enzyme activity and increase in the Vmax of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, it is postulated that platelet-derived growth factor causes a covalent modification of the existing enzyme. Transforming growth factor-beta caused no change in the hepatic metabolite content in the treated animals when compared to saline treated controls.