Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity of purified rat liver 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase.

PMID 3479982


Homogeneous 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 alpha-HSD) from rat liver cytosol displays 9, 11, and 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase activity. Using [14C]-PGF2 alpha as substrate the products of this reaction were separated by TLC and identified by autoradiography as PGE2 and PGB2. The purified enzyme catalyzes this reaction at a rate 200 times faster than cytosol. This corresponds to the rate enhancement observed when the enzyme is purified from cytosol using androsterone (a 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid) as substrate and suggests that it may represent a major 9-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase in this tissue. Although the 3 alpha-HSD has many properties in common with the 9-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase of rat kidney, rat kidney contains no protein that is immunodetectable with polyclonal antibody raised against the purified 3 alpha-HSD.

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