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Mutation research

Mutagenicity of N4-aminocytidine and its derivatives in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells. Incorporation of N4-aminocytosine into cellular DNA.


PMID 3561428

Abstract

N4-Aminocytidine induced mutation to 6-thioguanine resistance in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells in culture. Previous studies with experimental systems of in vitro DNA synthesis and of phage and bacterial mutagenesis have shown that this nucleoside analog induces base-pair transitions through its incorporation into DNA, with its erroneous base-pairing property. Incorporation of exogenously added [5-3H]N4-aminocytidine into the DNA of V79 cells was in fact observed in the present study. N4-Aminodeoxycytidine was not mutagenic for the V79 cells. Several alkylated N4-aminocytidine derivatives were tested for their mutagenicity in this system. Those with an alkyl group on the N'-nitrogen of the hydrazino group at position 4 of N4-aminocytidine were mutagenic, but those having an alkyl on the N4-nitrogen were not. These results are consistent with those previously observed in the bacterial mutagenesis systems, and agree with a mechanism of mutation in which a tautomerization of N4-aminocytosine is the necessary step for causing the erroneous base pairing.

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