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Cancer letters

Formation and persistence of DNA-protein cross-links induced in mouse fibroblasts by dibenzo[a,e]fluoranthene, and modulation by stimulators and inhibitors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) metabolism.


PMID 3621149

Abstract

The production by dibenzo[a,e]fluoranthene (DBF) of DNA-protein cross-links in cultured mouse fibroblasts is probably mediated by the activation of proximate metabolites of DBF and not by the DBF molecule itself. In order to test this hypothesis, several agents that enhance or reduce production of the DBF metabolite putatively involved in cross-linking were tested. Increasing NADPH concentrations in the medium enhanced cross-link production; 1,2-epoxy-3,3,3-trichloropropane (TCPO), an inhibitor of epoxide hydrolases, slightly reduced DNA-protein cross-link formation at high concentrations; norharman (NH), an inhibitor of certain steps in the metabolism of DBF, totally blocked cross-linking. The possible involvement of DBF-bisdihydrodiol, a bifunctional metabolite identified in vitro, is discussed. Postincubation in DBF-free medium did not induce a significant reduction in cross-links, indicating that repair did not take place.

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