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IARC scientific publications

A simple, inexpensive urine test of smoking.


PMID 3623668

Abstract

Three novel colorimetric methods of detecting urinary nicotine metabolites called the barbituric acid, diethylthiobarbituric acid (DETB) and DETB-extraction methods were evaluated for use as a simple cheap objective test of smoking. Urine samples were collected from 103 male smokers and 78 male nonsmokers working at two London factories. The smokers recorded the number of cigarettes smoked over the previous 36 hours. All three methods correctly classified the smokers. The DETB-extraction method had a lower false-positive rate (averaging 3% on morning and afternoon urine samples) than either the DETB or barbituric acid methods (12% and 6% respectively) and was the best procedure for classifying subjects as 'smokers' or 'non-smokers'. Using a quantitative variant of the barbituric acid method, there was a significant correlation (r = 0.85, p less than 0.001) between the urinary nicotine metabolites/creatinine ratios and number of cigarettes smoked. However, the ratios for smokers of 6-15, 16-25, and 26 or more cigarettes overlapped considerably. The methods can be performed very rapidly and reagent costs are equivalent to less than one penny per test.

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161950
1,3-Diethyl-2-thiobarbituric acid, 99%
C8H12N2O2S