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Biochemistry

Catalysis by human leukocyte elastase: mechanistic insights into specificity requirements.


PMID 3646070

Abstract

Steady-state kinetic parameters were determined for the human leukocyte elastase catalyzed hydrolysis of a series of peptide-based thiobenzyl esters and p-nitroanilides. The peptide units are MeOSuc-Val, MeOSuc-Alan-Pro-Val (n = 0-2), and MeOSuc-Alan-Pro-Ala (n = 1 or 2). The results of this study suggest five important mechanistic features for HLE. Few important remote subsite contacts are established in the Michaelis complex. Full recognition and tight binding of the substrate occurs in the transition state for acylation. The P3-S3 interaction is critical during acylation. Subsite contacts are unimportant in deacylation. P1 specificity is regulated by peptide length. An important steady-state kinetic consequence of this specificity is that the rate-limiting step of kc for p-nitroanilide hydrolysis changes from acylation to deacylation as the peptide chain is lengthened.

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