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Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry

Occurrence of short chain aliphatic diols in human blood: identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.


PMID 3698310

Abstract

Patients attending a general hospital for various reasons were screened for raised serum gamma glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) and positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The results served as objective biochemical tests of heavy drinking. Among 419 individuals, 50 (11.9%) met these requirements and blood samples were used to determine the presence of low molecular mass aliphatic diols. 1,2-Propanediol, 2,3-butanediol and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol were determined by gas liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In patients with blood ethanol concentration less than 2 mmol/l, 1,2-propanediol and 2,2-dimethyl-1, 3-propanediol mainly occurred together at median concentrations of about 200 mumol/l. When blood ethanol was 2-42 mmol/1,2,3-butanediol was also present covering a wide concentration range: three patients had concentrations between 6 and 10 mmol/l. There was no apparent correlation between the concentration of 2,3-butanediol and the concentration of blood ethanol. The diols were below the limits of detection in blood from nonintoxicated control individuals and hospital in-patients.

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