Determination of partition and lateral diffusion coefficients of ubiquinones by fluorescence quenching of n-(9-anthroyloxy)stearic acids in phospholipid vesicles and mitochondrial membranes.

PMID 3730366


The quenching of fluorescence of n-(9-anthroyloxy)stearic acids and other probes by different ubiquinone homologues and analogues has been exploited to assess the localization and lateral mobility of the quinones in lipid bilayers of model and mitochondrial membranes. The true bimolecular collisional quenching constants in the lipids together with the lipid/water partition coefficients were obtained from Stern-Volmer plots at different membrane concentrations. A monomeric localization of the quinone in the phospholipid bilayer is suggested for the short side-chain ubiquinone homologues and for the longer derivatives when cosonicated with the phospholipids. The diffusion coefficients of the ubiquinones, calculated from the quenching constants either in three dimensions or in two dimensions, are in the range of (1-6) X 10(-6) cm2 s-1, both in phospholipid vesicles and in mitochondrial membranes. A careful analysis of different possible locations of ubiquinones in the phospholipid bilayer, accounting for the calculated diffusion coefficients and the viscosities derived therefrom, strongly suggests that the ubiquinone 10 molecule is located within the lipid bilayer with the quinone ring preferentially adjacent to the polar head groups of the phospholipids and the hydrophobic tail largely accommodated in the bilayer midplane. The steady-state rates of either ubiquinol 1-cytochrome c reductase or NADH:ubiquinone 1 reductase are proportional to the concentration of the quinol or quinone substrate in the membrane. The second-order rate constants appear to be at least 3 orders of magnitude lower than the second-order constants for quenching of the fluorescent probes; this is taken as a clear indication that ubiquinone diffusion is not the rate-determining step in the quinone-enzyme interaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)