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Chemico-biological interactions

Mechanisms of 5-(3,3-dimethyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (Dacarbazine) cytotoxicity toward Chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro are dictated by incubation conditions.


PMID 3742646

Abstract

Decomposition of the antitumor agent 5-(3,3-dimethyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (DTIC, Dacarbazine) produces several potentially toxic compounds, the concentration of which depend on incubation parameters such as pH, temperature and illumination. The action of DTIC on chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell clone formation in the dark (7-8-day incubation) reflects the slow formation of 2-azahypoxanthine. Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT, EC 2.4.2.8)-deficient cells are resistant to DTIC under these conditions, reflecting their inability to utilize 2-azahypoxanthine. The toxicity of DTIC in conventional survival experiments (1-2-h exposure to drug) is dependent upon illumination and is highly influenced by the pH of the medium. Toxicity of DTIC in these experiments appears to reflect rapid accumulation of the immediate photodecomposition product of the drug, 4-diazoimidazole-5-carboxamide (DZC), since HGPRT-deficient cells are not resistant to DTIC under these conditions. The biologically initiated pathway of DTIC action (enzymatic hydroxylation) has little, if any, role in the action of this agent toward cultured CHO cells.

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Y0000734 Dacarbazine impurity A, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
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