European journal of biochemistry

Structural analysis of the sequence coding for an inducible 26-kDa protein in human fibroblasts.

PMID 3758081


When human fibroblast cells were stimulated with poly(I) X poly(C) in the presence of cycloheximide for the production of interferon-beta (IFN-beta), a 26-kDa protein could be immunoprecipitated by antiserum raised against partially purified human IFN-beta [Content, J., De Wit, L., Pierard, D., Derynck, R., De Clercq, E. & Fiers, W. (1982) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 79, 2768-2772]. In our hands this 26-kDa protein showed no antiviral activity. Other investigators have, however, reported the presence in the same conditions of a second type of IFN, a so-called beta 2 species [Weissenbach, J., Chernajovsky, Y., Zeevi, M., Shulman, L., Soreq, H., Nir, U., Wallach, D., Perricaudet, M., Tiollais, P. & Revel, M. (1980) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 77, 7152-7156] of which the mRNA structure and protein characteristics strongly suggests identity with the 26-kDa product. In this paper we describe the nucleotide sequence of the 26-kDa cDNA and part of the corresponding genomic clone. The cDNA clones were isolated from a library made with mRNA from induced human fibroblasts. As, however, the information thus obtained was still incomplete, genomic clones were isolated from a total human DNA library. In this way, the entire region coding for the 26-kDa protein was established, as well as the neighbouring sequences including the inducible promoter area. From the deduced polypeptide sequence a number of characteristics of the 26-kDa protein can be explained. It turns out that the 26-kDa protein gene and the so-called 'IFN-beta 2' gene are identical. However, extensive homology searches indicate that the 26-kDa protein does not show statistically significant sequence homology with any known interferon species. Hence, the question of whether the 26-kDa product represents a novel IFN species remains open.

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11138600001 Interleukin-6, human (hIL-6), recombinant (E. coli)