Toxicologic pathology

Peripheral and central nervous system lesions caused by triethyl- and trimethyltin salts in rats.

PMID 3764311


Both trimethyltin and triethyltin salts are known to produce toxic lesions in the central nervous system. Triethyltin intoxication has been associated with central intramyelin edema, while trimethyltin has been shown to produce neuronal necrosis in selected limbic and sensory regions of the brain. Only scant attention has been paid to peripheral nerves of animals treated with alkyltins. In this study, we have treated rats with 6 or 8 mg/kg trimethyltin, and 1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 mg/kg triethyltin (single or multiple exposure), and evaluated in detail at the light microscope level both central and peripheral nervous system lesions. In addition to the central neuron necrosis or myelin edema described previously, both compounds produced peripheral axon degeneration and chromatolysis of large spinal cord and brain stem neurons. Chromatolysis was seen in reticular neurons of the brain stem and ventral horn or spinal cord in rats receiving high doses (6 or 8 mg/kg) of triethyltin, and in these same areas plus mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus in animals treated with trimethyltin. Wallerian-like degeneration of peripheral axons was seen in sciatic and tibial nerve and ventral roots of animals receiving 3 injections of 4 mg/kg or single or multiple injections of 6 or 8 mg/kg triethyltin. Axon degeneration was also seen in sciatic and tibial nerves 21 days after a single exposure to 8 mg/kg trimethyltin. Since myelin edema is believed to be reversible, the axonal changes described here may be of greater clinical significance in relation to human exposure.

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Triethyltin bromide, 97%