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Carcinogenesis

Activation of the met oncogene in the human MNNG-HOS cell line involves a chromosomal rearrangement.


PMID 3779899

Abstract

In this study it is demonstrated that the activated met gene, which was originally detected in the MNNG-HOS chemically transformed human cell line, is a chimeric gene formed by the joining together of two distinct regions of DNA. Rearrangement of cellular DNA in MNNG-HOS cells was demonstrated by Southern analyses, which showed that the MNNG-HOS cell line contained unique met-related DNA fragments that were not detected in the parental cell line, HOS. Chromosomal localization using a series of rodent-human hybrid cell lines showed that the 5' end of the activated met gene is derived from human chromosome 1, in contrast to the 3' end of met which has been previously localized to human chromosome 7. The chimeric gene is transcribed to produce a 5-kb mRNA that is encoded both by regions of the gene derived from chromosome 1 and by regions of the gene derived from chromosome 7. Karyotype analysis of HOS and MNNG-HOS cells has identified several marker chromosomes that involve translocations of chromosomes 1 and 7. The possible location of the activated met locus within these rearranged chromosomes is discussed.

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