Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior

Radio-frequency analysis of the effect of haloperidol and cyclo (leucyl-glycyl) on apomorphine-induced stereotypy.

PMID 3809231


Our previous studies indicated that the peptide cyclo(leucyl-glycyl) (cLG) prevents the development of supersensitivity to dopamine in several animal models at both biochemical and behavioral levels. We therefore tested cLG in a paradigm more commonly used to model tardive dyskinesia, namely chronic haloperidol administration to rats. We found that cLG administered subcutaneously at a dose of 8 mg/kg, blocked about 50% of the supersensitizing effects of of haloperidol on apomorphine-induced stereotypic behaviors. Further, we used a novel method, radio-frequency analysis, that quantifies sniffing and other stereotypic movements. Unlike methods that rely on visual observation of stereotypy and utilize an ordinal scale, these measurements are rated by an automatic motility monitor and utilize a ratio scale. Unlike other automated motility monitors, this device can distinguish between various forms of stereotypic behaviors. Since parametric statistics can be used, there is a significant improvement in the efficiency of the task of rating and comparing stereotypy scores.