Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale

Endothelial cells suppress granulocyte clusters and stimulate large granulocyte colonies in culture.

PMID 3879599


Endothelial cells have been shown to produce granulopoietic colony stimulating activity (CSA) under the regulatory control of a humoral factor, MRA produced by blood monocytes. An endothelial cell-derived granulopoietic inhibitory factor has also been described. To further define these apparently paradoxical observations, human bone marrow mononuclear cells were co-cultured with umbilical cord derived endothelial cells in a plasma clot system in vitro. To enhance the sensitivity of the assay for growth effects attributable to the endothelial cells (or their products) alone, an exogenous source of CSA (e.g. a peripheral blood leukocyte feeder layer) was not used. On day ten of culture, less than or equal to 1% endothelial cells markedly stimulated the growth of early granulocyte progenitors (large diaminofluorine positive (DAF+) GM-CFUc) (p less than .01) and a linear dose response relationship was confirmed (p less than .001). Late granulocyte progenitors (DAF+ clusters) were coincidently suppressed by less than or equal to 2% endothelial cells (p less than .01). No effect of endothelial cells on intermediate progenitors (small GM-CFUc) was demonstrated at any concentration. Similar effects were observed with the addition of 5% to 30% endothelial conditioned medium (ECM) (p less than .01). When cohort cultures were evaluated serially, suppression of clusters was observed by day four and stimulation of large GM-CFUcs by day six. These varied effects on different stages of granulocyte differentiation suggest that endothelial cell derived CSA(S) may be of biological relevance in the regulation of granulopoiesis.

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2,7-Diaminofluorene, >97%