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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

The development and application of a novel chromophoric substrate for investigation of the mechanism of yeast fatty acid synthase.


PMID 3902014

Abstract

The acetyl transacylase activity of the fatty acid synthase from yeast has been investigated using p-nitrophenylthiol acetate. The chromophoric nature of the nitrophenylthiol moiety affords a convenient spectrophotometric assay for the transacylase function as well as a means to investigate the kinetics and the mechanism of this process. A probable kinetic scheme for enzyme catalyzed transacetylation from p-nitrophenylthiol acetate to an acyl acceptor (CoA or N-acetylcysteamine) is proposed and the kinetic constants for acetylation of enzyme and for acetyl transfer to an acceptor were determined. It was also demonstrated that p-nitrophenylthiol acetate can replace acetyl-CoA as a substrate in fatty acid synthesis.

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