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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Possible involvement of aminopeptidase, an ecto-enzyme, in the inactivation of bradykinin by intact neutrophils.


PMID 3902095

Abstract

The subcellular localization of the bradykinin-inactivating activity was studied using guinea-pig neutrophils and the following results were obtained. The bradykinin-inactivating activities were found to be present in the cytosol and membrane fractions but not in the granular and nuclear fractions. The bradykinin-inactivating activity of the cytosol fraction was inhibited by N-carbobenzoxy-Gly-Pro, an inhibitor of prolyl endopeptidase, whereas that of the membrane fraction was inhibited by bestatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase. Prolyl endopeptidase and aminopeptidase activities were located predominantly in the cytosol and membrane fractions, respectively, and their activities were inhibited by their respective inhibitors. Prolyl endopeptidase and aminopeptidase activities measured with synthetic substrates were competitively inhibited by bradykinin, suggesting that bradykinin is a possible substrate for prolyl endopeptidase and aminopeptidase. Intact neutrophils inactivated bradykinin rapidly. However, when neutrophils were modified chemically by diazotized sulfanilic acid, a poorly permeant reagent which inactivates ecto-enzymes selectively, both the bradykinin-inactivating activity and aminopeptidase activity of neutrophils decreased significantly without any inhibition of cytosol prolyl endopeptidase. The possibility that aminopeptidase, an ecto-enzyme, would be responsible for the inactivation of bradykinin by intact neutrophils was deduced from the results above, although both cytosol prolyl endopeptidase and membrane aminopeptidase could inactivate bradykinin.

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