The Journal of endocrinology

Effects of LH-releasing hormone antagonist or lesions of the medial basal hypothalamus on periovulatory gonadotrophin release in female rats.

PMID 3930647


Follicle-stimulating hormone release on the morning of oestrus was examined by using two different techniques which eliminate LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) stimulation of the pituitary gland. Cyclic female rats were given a potent LHRH antagonist (ALHRH) or were subject to electrolytic lesions of the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) before or after the pro-oestrous phase of FSH release. Administration of ALHRH at 14.00, 15.30 and 17.00 h or lesioning of the MBH between 11.30 and 13.00 h on pro-oestrus entirely blocked the preovulatory LH surge and both phases of FSH release. Ovulation was abolished in all of these animals. However, when ALHRH was given at 20.30, 22.00 and 23.30 h or lesions of the MBH made between 20.00 and 21.30 h on pro-oestrus after the pro-oestrous FSH and LH surges had occurred, the oestrous phase of FSH release was indistinguishable from that of saline-treated control rats. Ovulation occurred in all of these animals, and the mean number of ova shed was eight/rat. The conclusions are that (1) the pro-oestrous phase of FSH release is dependent upon the hypothalamic hormonal stimulation by LHRH and (2) the oestrous phase of FSH release is entirely independent of direct LHRH stimulation, or any hypothalamic stimulus.

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[D-pGlu1, D-Phe2, D-Trp3,6]-LH-RH, ≥97% (HPLC)