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Carcinogenesis

2-Nitrofluoren-9-one: a unique mutagen formed in the photo-oxidation of 2-aminofluorene.


PMID 3948334

Abstract

Exposure of solutions of 2-aminofluorene (2-AF, dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide) to near ultraviolet light (u.v.a. wavelengths of 320-400 nm) results in the formation of a variety of photo-products, several of which are direct-acting mutagens in the Ames/Salmonella standard-plate assay. Previously published results from our laboratory have described the chemical identification and kinetics of formation of two of these photo-induced mutagens, 2-nitrosofluorene and 2-nitrofluorene. In this report we present recent data concerning the isolation and chemical identification of another mutagenic photoproduct of u.v.a.-irradiated 2-AF, 2-nitrofluoren-9-one (2-NO2F-9-one). Data are also presented concerning the kinetics of phototransformation of 2-aminofluoren-9-one, an early-appearing and predominant photoproduct in u.v.a.-irradiated solutions of 2-AF, into 2-NO2F-9-one. It is well established that N-oxidation is a critical step in the biotransformations (i.e. enzymatic metabolism) of primary aromatic amines into proximate mutagens/carcinogens. In addition to u.v.a.-mediated N-oxidation of aromatic amines, selective ring photo-oxidation can also occur, resulting in, for example, the production of a carbonyl group at the 9-position of the fluorene molecule. The formation of mutagenic 2-NO2F-9-one in the photochemical oxidation of 2-AF appears to be unique to this process.

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