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Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of 4-nitropyridine 1-oxide derivatives.


PMID 395009

Abstract

Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of 4-nitropyridine 1-oxide (4-NPO) and 7 kinds of its alkyl derivatives were tested on mice and on Salmonella typhimurium strains and Escherichia coli strains. 3-Methyl-4-NPO is the most potent carcinogen, followed by 3-ethyl-4-NPO and then 4-NPO. Mutagenicity was most potent in 3-methyl, 2,3-dimethyl, and 2,5-dimethyl derivatives, moderate in 4-NPO and 2-methyl and 2,6-dimethyl derivatives, and to a least extent in 3,5-dimethyl-4-NPO. Structure-mutagenicity relationship was discussed on the basis of molecular mechanism of the carcinogenesis of 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide. Quantitative relationship between mutagenicity and carcinogenicity was not strictly found among the compounds examined.

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346659
4-Nitropyridine N-oxide, 97%
C5H4N2O3